A black and white portrait of Friedrich Schmidkonz in SS uniform. He is pictured from head to shoulders and is not wearing a cap. His gaze is directed directly into the camera.
Friedrich Schmidkonz with the rank of SS-Obersturmführer. During the Monte Sole massacre, he commanded the 3rd company of the reconnaissance unit responsible for the murders in Casaglia and Caprara. © BArch, R 9361-III/180359

Friedrich Schmidkonz

* " 7 December 1912" – Weiden in der Oberpfalz (Bavaria)
† " 2 October 1944" – Lagaro (Bologna)

In the summer of 1944, Friedrich Schmidkonz took over command of the 3rd company of SS Panzer Reconnaissance battalion 16. The company participated in massacres in the Apuan Alps and on Monte Sole. His men were responsible for the murder of 85 persons in the cemetery of Casaglia. 

Schmidkonz was an orphan. He held various jobs before beginning work in 1932 as a Bavarian State Police candidate. In 1936, he moved to the Schutzpolizei and became an officer. In 1940, with others in the Police Division of the Waffen-SS he fought first on the Western Front, then, starting in 1941, in Russia. He became company commander, taking over leadership positions in two SS divisions – ‘Das Reich’ and ‘Totenkopf’.

On 2 Oct. 1944, Schmidkonz was mortally wounded by artillery fire south of Bologna.

Bavarian State Police; Schutzpolizei
Army branch
Joined the NSDAP
Not verified
Armed force
SS Police Division
SS Division ‘Das Reich’,
SS Panzergrenadier Division ‘Totenkopf’
16th SS Panzergrenadier Division ‘Reichsführer-SS’
Years of service
France 1940
Soviet Union 1941-42
Occupation of Italy 1944
Post war period

(Died 2. October 1944)

Training and war experience

A full-body shot of Friedrich Schmidkonz in black and white: he appears to be standing in a photo studio and is wearing his SS uniform.
A portrait of Friedrich Schmidkonz from his personnel file, which is kept in the Federal Archives in Berlin. © Barch, R 9361-III/180359

Participation in massacres of civilians

In the summer of 1944, Schmidkonz was transferred to the 16th SS Panzer Grenadier Division ‘Reichsführer-SS’, where he took over command of the 3rd Company of the Reconnaissance Battalion. The massacres at Casaglia and Caprara on Monte Sole are ascribed to his company.


Schmidkonz’s SS-personnel files are kept in the German Federal Archives, Berlin (VBS 1069 (R 19)/ZM 0351 A. 08 und R 9361-III/180359). Some information can be found in cards for the Reder trial kept in the military court in Rome.


Carlo Gentile, Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS im Partisanenkrieg: Italien 1943-1945, Paderborn, 2012, Ferdinand Schöningh, pp. 244, 248, 276, 283.

Joachim Staron, Fosse Ardeatine und Marzabotto. Deutsche Kriegsverbrechen und Resistenza. Geschichte und nationale Mythenbildung in Deutschland und Italien (1944-1999), Padeborn etc., Schöningh, 2002, p. 94.

Authorship and translation

Author: Carlo Gentile

Translated from German by: Joel Golb

© Project ‘The Massacres in Occupied Italy (1943-1945): Integrating the Perpetrators’ Memories’


Text: CC BY NC SA 4.0